Posted by: Apostolic Oneness Pentecostals | May 1, 2009

Day 1: Pentecost 101 – Biblical Origin Of Pentecost

jerusalemWelcome to a brand new day. A day full of Pentecostal Power in the Holy Ghost. Today marks the first day of 31 days of Pentecost here on the Pope Of Pentecost Blog. I have a lot in store for you. This monthwe are going to talk about the origin of Pentecost from the Old Testament perspective, we will then fast forward to the New Testament, we’ll talk about the Pioneers of the modern day Pentecostal movement (with a heavy concentration on the Apostolic movement) we will break down the doctrines of Pentecost (which includes baptism, tongues, the Oneness of God so forth and so on). All of this will lead up to Sunday May 31st which will be Pentecost Sunday 2009. So get your thinking caps on as we dive right into the Word of God with Pentecost 101 – Biblical Origin Of Pentecost.

Today, we are going to learn that in fact what we now call Pentecost is not what the old testament of the Holy Bible called it. It actually was called Feast of Weeks. You see, Pentecost was the 50thday after the sabbath of Passover week (Leviticus23:15-16) thus the first day of the week (which we now know it to be as Sunday). Pentecost was called Feast of Weeks (Deuteronomy 16:10), the Feast of the Harvest (Exodus 23:16) and the day of first fruits (Numbers 28:26).

The Jewish feast of Pentecost, in Hebrew Shavuot, the Feast of Weeks, one of the three pilgrimage festivals, arose as the celebration of the closing of the spring grain harvest, which began formally in Passover 50 days prior; there are numerous references to it in the Bible as pointed out above.

The Feast of Weeks was a festival of joy: mandatory and voluntary offerings, including the first fruits of the wheat harvest. In Old Testament times, this fell on the 3rd Month (Sivan) 6. The modern day equivalent would be sometime around May-June. The whole purpose of this feast was to show Joy and thankfulness for the Lord’s blessing of harvest. The Feast of Weeks was basically a pilgrim festival (you know, a pilgrimage, hence the reason why so many thousands of people were in Jerusalem on the day the Holy Ghost fell which is now called Pentecost).

All the pilgrim festivals possessed agricultural significance. Pentecost marked the end of the barley and the beginning of the wheat harvest, and two loaves, made of the finest wheat were “a wave offering before the Lord” in the Temple (Lev 23:17-20). The first fruits were also brought to the Temple on this occasion. Pilgrims used to assemble in large towns in each district, and would set out together in joyful procession to the Temple, where they were welcomed by the Levites. Historical connections were given to these festivals: Pentecost was associated with the revelation on Sinai, becoming known as “The Season of the giving of our Torah” (Columbia Encyclopedia)

So in conclusion (as to not bore you with history) we’ve learned today that Pentecost from an old testament standpoint is the second of the three annual pilgrim festivals (along with Passover and tabernacles) when every male was required to proceed on foot to the Temple in Jerusalem. It is also called the Feast of Weeks, because it was held after the counting of seven complete weeks after “the morrow of the Sabbath” when the barley sheaves were offered (Lev 23:15-20). The festival is then held on the 50th day, i.e. Pentecost. What a mighty God we serve. He (the Lord Jesus) knew exactly what he was doing by making sure that His Spirit descended at a time when thousands of people would be witnesses AND so that thousands of people could be saved.

Tomorrow’s lesson is going to be taken from the New Testament perspective of Pentecost. I wanted to paint this backdrop for you so that you could understand why there were so many people listening to Peters great sermon on that day. Makes sense now doesn’t it. They were all Pilgrims coming to celebrate and give thanks to the Lord but boy did the Lord have something in store for them when they got to Jerusalem that would knock there socks off. They were so messed up that Acts 2:41 says about 3,000 of them got baptised in Jesus Name. TALK ABOUT A REVIVAL! Tune in tomorrow for Day 2 of 31 days of Pentecost.


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